Drakopoulos, Pan: The Way to Unity

1926, October: The Founding Congress of Pan-Europa

The first Congress of “Pan-Europa” in Vienna. More than 2,000 European politicians, scholars, businessmen, professionals and journalists take part. “Pan-Europa” is the first multinational pro-European organization. Count Coudenhove-Kalergi’s program demands “the political and economic unification of all states from Portugal to Poland”, the creation of “the United States of Europe on the model of the United States of America.”

1929: J.Ortega y Gasset:”The Revolt of the Masses”

The great Spaniard philosopher of history Jose Ortega y Gasset publishes his work The Revolt of the Masses . The book is translated in nearly all European languages, has a particular influence on the intellectuals, and inspires the supporters of the European movement. Ortega y Gasset writes: “The European cannot live unless embarked upon some great unifying enterprise. When this is lacking, he becomes degraded, grows slack, his soul is paralyzed. […] Nationalism is nothing but a mania, a pretext to escape from the necessity of inventing something new, some great enterprise. Its primitive methods of action and the type of men it exalts reveal abundantly that it is the opposite of a historical creation. Only the determination to construct a great nation from the group of peoples of the Continent would give new life to the pulses of Europe. She would start to believe in herself again,and automatically to make demands on, to discipline, herself.”

Walter Lipgens, the historian of the European movement, regards The Revolt of the Masses as one of the five key-books which fully give one to understand “what European unity ought still to mean today.”

1929: Luchaire’s Plan for a Federation

Jean Luchaire publishes his research -sponsored by the Vienna Chamber of Commerce- under the title Towards the Federal States of Europe:. He rejects the participation of Britain in the federation and he suggests that Britain should participate in a future federation with the USA and Canada.

1929, September 5: The Briand’s Plan

Aristide Briand, Prime Minister of France, speaking before the Assembly of the League of Nations argues in favor of a European federation.

“Now, with some slight misgiving -I might say, with a feeling of anxiety productive of a certain fear which you will forgive in me- I have to approach another problem. I have been associated of recent years with active propaganda in favor of an idea that is politely described as magnanimous perhaps in order to avoid terming it rash. This idea, which was first conceived many years ago, which has haunted the imagination of philosophers and poets and has won for them a certain succes d’estime- this idea has now forged ahead in virtue of its own intrinsic worth, and has been seen at last to supply the answer to a real need. Propagandists have united to spread it abroad, to establish it more firmly in the minds of the nations, and among these propagandists I stand confessed.

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