Pirenne, Henri: The Expansion of Islam in the Mediterranean Basin [2]

48. The first royal instrument on parchment is dated September 12th, 677.

49. Liber Vitae Patrum, M.G.H. ss. RER. MEROV., vol. I, p. 742.

50. This has been denied on the strength of a text which follows the famous statutes of the Abbot Adalhard of Corbie in a manuscript which M. Levillain believes was written shortly after 986. LEVILAIN, Les statuts d’Adalhard, LE MOYEN AGE, 1900, p. 335. Now, as these statutes were drawn up in 822, it has been generally agreed that this text was written between 822 and 986. If this was so, it would show that it must have been possible still to obtain papyrus at this period, or at all events after 822, from the market of Cambrai, and therefore, throughout Gaul. It is, however, very extraordinary to find that there is nothing which confirms this text. And yet the matter is easily explained. The text in question is not related to the statutes; it is a subsequent addition, and it dates, without the slightest doubt, from the Merovingian epoch. The essential content of the text is a long list of the spices which the monks of Corbie were able to buy in the market of Cambrai. Now if we run through this list we shall find, with a few additions, all the products mentioned in the Corbie charter of 716. At first sight, of course, nothing could be simpler than to find the explanation of this concordance in the fact that these products were still being exported. And this explanation has been adopted; it is, unfortunately, impossible. Polyptyque de l’abbé Irminon, ed. B. GUERARD, vol. II, p. 336.

51. DUCANGE, Glossarium,v° pulmentum.

52. M.G.H. CAPIT., vol. I, p. 90. Capitulary “de villis,” circa 70.

53. Ibid., vol. I, p. 91, ibid.

54. Formulae, ed. κ. ZEUMER, p. 292.

55. M.G.H. CAPIT., vol. II, p. 10.

56. Ibid., p. 83.

57. M.C.H. EPIST. SELECTAE, in 8vo, vol. 1, 1916, ed. TANGL, p. 156.

58. Ibid., p. 97.

59. Ibid., pp. 189 and 191.

59a. M.G.H. CAPIT., vol. 1, p. 251, in the Brevium Exampla composed about 810, in which there is mention, in the treasury of a church, of a dalmatica sirica, of fanones lineos serico paratos, of linteamina serico parata, of manicas sericeas auro et margaritis paratas et alias sericeas, of plumatium serico indutum. These were all church ornaments, but no doubt a certain number of them dated from an earlier period.

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